Temple of Apollo (Delphi)
|Temple of Apollo (Delphi)
The Temple of Apollo was the most important monument of the Delphic Sanctuary. The temple, housed the statues and offerings to the god, formed the space where some of the rites related to worship took place, the most important of which being the process of divination. According to mythology, the first temple of Apollo built in the area was a hut constructed by bay leaves; the second was made of bee wax and feathers, the third of bronze, while the fourth stone temple was built by the mythic architects Trophonios and Agamides, and was most probably the temple destroyed in 548 BC by fire. The fifth archaic temple was built by donations collected from all Greece and by foreign rulers as well, and the family of Alcmaeonids undertook its completion. It was completed around 510 BC, and it was constructed of poros stone, with a marble front, executed by the sculptor Antenor. The temple was destroyed by the earthquake of 373 BC and was replaced by the temple of the Late Classical period, which was completed in 330 BC, and constitutes a marvelous example of the Doric style. It was peripteral, with 6 columns on the narrow sides and 15 on the long ones, with a prodromus and an opisthodomus. The adytum is considered to be at the rear of the cella, where the divination process was performed, and to which only the priests who would interpret the inarticulate screams of the Pythia had access.
|3D model with annotations
Hellenic Ministry of Culture/ Ephorate of Antiquities of Fokis
«Η Δράση συγχρηματοδοτείται από το ΕΠΑνΕΚ (Ευρωπαϊκό Ταμείο Περιφερειακής Ανάπτυξης της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και από εθνικούς πόρους) και υλοποιείται μέσω του της Γενικής Γραμματείας Έρευνας και Καινοτομίας (ΓΓΕΚ)»